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Eye Diseases

A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and often treated at Basin EyeCare Center in Klamath Falls

“Eye diseases” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth, personalized information, please speak with your eye care provider at Basin EyeCare Center.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids.

Causes:

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Allergens
  • Environmental irritants such as smoke or dust

Pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge

Treatment:

While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Basin EyeCare Center for an examination and treatment.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is an umbrella term for the eye problems resulting from Type I or Type II Diabetes.

These problems include:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Early onset cataracts
  • Increased risk of glaucoma
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Frequent changes in prescription

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease. Establishing regular comprehensive eye exams early is important, do not wait for symptoms to appear. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease wil dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma of the human eye illustration


Eye Vectors by Vecteezy

Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve with no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.

While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because it is so commonly associated with aging, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

There are two forms of AMD, dry and wet.

Dry AMD

  • Most common type of AMD
  • Caused by the atrophy of macular cells as the eye ages. Over time the macula may thin and lose cells responsible for vision.

Wet AMD

  • Rare form of AMD
  • Caused by new blood vessels forming behind the retina. Due to the weakness of these new vessels, they leak into the layers of the retina.This leakage in turn can cause scar tissue to form and retinal cells to cease function.

Risk factors:

  • Age (over 60)
  • Family history and genetics
  • Race, Caucasians are more at risk
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Cardiovascular problems, especially Hypercholesterolemia commonly known as high cholesterol

In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with your eye care provider at Basin EyeCare Center.


Basin EyeCare Center has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases detailed above, as well as many other eye diseases, at our office in Klamath Falls. For more information please schedule an appointment with your optometrist, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.